is widely cultivated throughout the world, and a greater weight of Yellow Corn
is produced each year than any other grain. The United States produces
40% of the world's harvest; other top producing countries include China,
Brazil, Mexico, Indonesia, India, France and Argentina. Worldwide production
was 817 million tonnes in 2010 more than rice (678 million tonnes) or
wheat (682 million tonnes). In 2010, over 159 million hectares (390
million acres) of Yellow Corn were planted worldwide, with a yield of over
5 tonnes/hectare (80 bu/acre). Production can be significantly higher
in certain regions of the world; 2009 forecasts for production in Iowa
were 11614 kg/ha (185 bu/acre). There is conflicting evidence to support
the hypothesis that Yellow Corn yield potential has increased over the past
few decades. This suggests that changes in yield potential are associated
with leaf angle, lodging resistance, tolerance of high plant density,
disease/pest tolerance, and other agronomic traits rather than increase
of yield potential per individual plant.
Yellow Corn" is being used increasingly for heating; specialized corn stoves
(similar to wood stoves) are available and use either feed Yellow Corn or
wood pellets to generate heat. Yellow Corn cobs are also used as a biomass
fuel source. Yellow Corn is relatively cheap and home-heating furnaces have
been developed which use Yellow Corn kernels as a fuel. They feature a large
hopper that feeds the uniformly sized Yellow Corn kernels (or wood pellets
or cherry pits) into the fire.
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